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形容词副词的比较级最高级_图文

Grade Eight (1)

Units 5-6

Teacher: Ma Wei No. 5 Middle School April 24th, 2007

Step1:Revision 1. words:
(1)invite. V 邀请 invite somebody to do something invitation. n 邀请 (2) outgoing. adj 友好的; 爽直的 (3) athletic . adj 体格健美的 (4) lesson. n 课程

2. Main phrases
(1)would love to do something 想做某事 (2)come over to 顺便来访 (3)be good at 擅长于… do well in 在某方面做得好 (4)decide on 决定 (5)the same as 和… 一样 (6)have a piano lesson 上钢琴课

Step2 Do exercises
一.根据下列所给的汉语注解,在句子空缺处填 上各单词的正确形式. 1.Thanks a lot for theinvitation _______(邀请),I’m sorry , I can’t visit next week. 2.—Jenny, Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon? --I’m sorry ,I can’t. I have to help my parents _____ (父母亲). 3.Yesterday , I had a cold, So I went to see a doctor _______(医生) outgoing 4.I’m more _________(外向)than my sister. athletic 5.liu Ying is more ______ (体格健美)than me .

二.根据汉语提示完成下列句子.
decided on 1.I have __________(决定)making friends with them. 2.Can youcome over to(顺便来访)my home? _______ good at 3.He is _______(擅长于)swimming. have a piano lesson 4.I will _____________(上钢琴课) the same as 5.My friend is ________(和…..一样)me.

Step 3 Grammar
The comparative and superlative Degrees of adjective and Adverbs (形容词和副词的比较级 和最高级)

3rd 1st

2nd

big

bigger

biggest

oldest/eldest

older/elder

old

Mary

Lucy

Tom

young

younger

youngest

1st

2nd

3rd nice nicer

nicest

1st

delicious

3rd

most delicious
2nd

more delicious

grapes

apple

heavy
bananas

heavier

heaviest

写出下列形容词和副词的比较级和最高级 smarter --------- smartest 1、smart------small------- smaller ---------

smallest

younger--------- youngest young-----2、nice--------- nicer --------- nicest

fine--------- finer
late--------- later

--------- finest
--------- latest

3、big---------

bigger ----------

biggest

fatter ---------fattest thinner thinnest thin----------------earlier earliest 4、early--------happier happiest happy----------luckiest luckier lucky----------5 popular----- more popular most popular slowly----- more slowly ---------- most slowly beautiful---- more beautiful most beautiful ----------

fat----------

5、good
well many much

-----------------

---------better

best

---------- most more

bad
badly

---------

worse ------------------

worst least

little------------- less
far-----

---------further/farther furthest/farthest older/elder----------oldest/eldest old--------------

形容词和副词

比较级和最高级的构成

规则变化单音节词和少数双音节词

1) 一般情况加 – er 或 – est
2) 以字母 e 结尾加 –r 或 –st 3) 重读闭音节、末尾只有一个辅音 字母时双写加 –er 或 –est 4) 以辅音字母加 y 结尾变 y 为 i 加 –er 或 –est
5)部分双音节和多音节词在词前加 more 或 most

不规则变化
good/well – better – best many/much – more – most

little – less – least far – farther – farthest ( far – further – furthest ) bad/badly/ill – worse – worst

用形容词和副词的正确形式填空.
*Li Lei jumped farther _____(far)than Jim.

more delicious (delicious) *This cake is ________ than that one. *Shanghai isthe biggest ( big) city in China. ______ best *Lucy sings ______ (well) of all. *He is _________ the most careful (careful) among us. *Our teacher is as____ as (busy) before. busy He does not run so (as) _____(fast) as I. fast

taller *She is much _______(tall) than Mrs.Liu. older *He is three years ______ (old) than I. *This problem is a little ________ more difficult ( difficult) than the other one. ?This story is even ________________ more interesting ? (interesting) than that one.

形容词和副词
比较级和最高级的用法

1)表示两者(人或事物)的比较时用比较 级,通常用连词 than 引导,表示 “较······”或“更··一些”的意思. ·· ··

2. 表示三者或三者以上(人或事物)的比 较用最高级,最高级的前面一般要加定 * 冠词the,后面可带of(in,among)短语 来说明比较的范围 3) 在表示 “和··一样······” 和 “不及······” ·· ·· 这类概念时,可以用 “as+原级+as” 和 “not as(so)+原级+as”的句型

4) 可用much, still, a little, even, far,three years等表示程度的状语来 修饰比较级

5)几种比较级的使用句型 1.“ 比较级 + and + 比较级 ” 表示“ 越来越·· ” ·· ··
*Your English is getting better and better.
你的英语越来越好了。 *These days more and more people are learning English.

现在学英语的人越来越多了。

2. “the + 比较级,the + 比较级” 表示“ 越··就越·· ” ·· ·· ·· ·· *The more, the better. 越多越好。

*The busier he is, the happier he feels.
他越忙越高兴。

6)注意点

1. 形容词最高级前一定要用the,副
词最高级前可省略 2.在比较级中为了避免重复,在the后 常用one,that,those等词来替代前 面提到过的名词 *This pen is shorter than that one. *The weather here is warmer than that of Shanghai.

3.用or连接两项需作比较的内容 时,须用比较级;若or连接三项或 三项以上的内容时,则须用最高级

*Who is taller, Mary or Jane?
*Which is biggest, the sun, the moon or the earth?

Exercises

一. 选择
(A )1 Who gets home usually ____ in your family? A. the latest B. later C. early D. as late ( B )2 The more we looked at the picture, ____. A. we like it less B. the less we liked it C. better we liked it D. it looked better (B )3 What a pity. Lucy ran ____ than Lily. A. a few more slowly B. a little more slowly C. much more slowly D. little slowlier

( B )4 Don’t worry. Your baby is looked after ____ here, the nurse are very ____. A. careful, carefully B. carefully, careful C. care, careless D. careless, care ( B) 5.whose picture is better,Jack’s or Tom’s? --- Both of them are good.I think Jack draws ________Tom A. as good as B. as well as C. better than D. worse than ( C)6 Beijing is ____ biggest cities in China. A. the first B. one of C. the second D. second

二.用括号中所给形容词和副词的正确形式填空.

1.Mary is more athletic ___________(athletic) than Kate.
2.Who issmarter _____(smart), the boy or the girl? 3.Mark is _____(tall) than any other boy in taller his class more beautiful 4.I think Beijing is ____________(beautiful)

than Nanjing

faster 5.LiLei runs ________(fast) than Lucy.

more friendly 6 The old man looks very _______________ than you think. (friend)
7 This box is not so ______ as that one. heavy (heavy)

highest of the four. (high) 8 Lucy jumped __________

三.给出下列句子的同义句.
1.He is good at writing (同义词) He ____ _____ _____ writing. does well in . prefer maths to English. 2. I

better I ____ maths _____ than English. like 3.The box is too heavy for him to carry. The box is___ heavy ___he can’t carry it. so that

s

Summary
1. 复习了units5—6的重点词.短语 和金牌句型。并做了大量的练习进行巩 固。 2.归纳总结语法:形容词和副词的比 较级和最高级的用法以及做了大量的练 习。

介绍你选择朋友的标准,并描述 你的一位朋友
要求 1.用形容词和副词的比较级和最高 级. 2.字数在80左右


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